Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. Although, Spain also includes two archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the African Atlantic coast and two cities in Northern Africa, Ceuta and Melilla! But, what comes to your mind when you think about traveling to Spain?
Paradisiac beaches, bullfights, Flamenco dancing, fiestas, and tapas probably… These allure people from all over the world to travel to Spain! But there’s so much more to it… Here you will find everything you need to know before traveling to Spain.
These interesting facts will get you prepared if you’re planning to Travel to Spain, or if you are already there, test yourself to see how well you know it!
Spain and the Locals
#1 The kingdom of Spain, as it’s officially known, used to be separated kingdoms and only united after the 15th century. Today, it’s divided into 17 autonomous regions (15 on the mainland and the Balearic and Canary Islands), and the referred enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa.
#2 Despite being a developed and peaceful country, these divisions are still very strong in Spain today, with independence claims in several autonomous regions, particularly in Catalonia and the Basque Country.
#3 This means that culturally Spain is very diverse and rich. A Basque is very different from an Andalusian and from a Madrilenian and so on… This also means that traveling in Spain is a very interesting and a diverse experience. When you travel from one region to the other you will probably notice some of these idiosyncrasies.
#4 Spanish is the second most spoken language in the world, with more than 406 million native speakers, it comes slightly ahead of English and only after Chinese. However, in Spain, the official language is Castilian Spanish, with the regional languages of Catalan, Basque and Galician all having official status.
#5 As a tourist, if you speak Spanish you’ll be able to communicate with everyone in every region of Spain. If you don’t, you should know that Spain isn’t the most English friendly country in Europe but you’ll probably find people speaking English easily, particularly closer to touristy areas.
#6 The climate in Spain is one of the most diverse in Europe due to its size, coasts and large mountain ranges. However, we can easily notice that the north is wet and cold, while the south is dry and hot. When planning a trip to Spain be aware that in Summer the south can be burning hot, particularly away from the coast! On the other hand, the north during winter can be quite cold, windy and mostly rainy! Finally, in the mountains, it usually snows which makes Spain also a good winter destination!
#7 The majority of Spaniards are formally Roman Catholic, but different religious beliefs are accepted. However, the younger generations are much less religious, like in many other western countries.
#8 Spain was (partially) under Muslim rule for over 700 years from year 711 to 1571. To put into perspective the USA is independent for 242… The south of Spain, particularly Andalusia, is where the Muslim rule was the longest. Here you can still see the influences, in buildings and architecture.
#9 Spaniards are known to have a different approach to daily life from other Europeans… Typically, the day starts late, they have lunch only between 1 and 3 pm, dine very late (around 10 pm) and take the famous afternoon nap known as the siesta! I don’t know about you guys but I think I’m going to take on this lifestyle 🙂
#10 Spain is a very safe country to travel in. Most travelers will never face any kind of serious threat or danger. However, you should be aware of pickpocketing and scams in the top touristic areas as there are reports of it. In our experience, we have never felt unsafe in Spain and neither have been approached by scammers.
Nevertheless, you don’t want to risk having a problem and not being insured! So, always Remember to Buy Travel Insurance Before Your Trip!
Travel in Spain and Tourism
#11 Spain is the 3rd most visited country in the world, with more than 68 Millions international arrivals in 2015. Only France and the USA have more! This obviously means that there aren’t many off the beaten track destinations in Spain. Though it’s a big country if you visit outside peak season (Summer) you shouldn’t have too many troubles with over-tourism.
#12 Out of this immensity of tourists, Barcelona leads as Spain’s most visited destination. Barcelona is a tourist hotspot that blends a splendid architecture, a leading arts scene, and a boundless culture. When traveling to Spain, Barcelona should be on your list, probably on top when you remember the works of Gaudi and particularly the Sagrada Familia Cathedral.
#13 Spain has 46 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 40 cultural sites, 4 natural sites and 2 mixed sites. Only Italy with 53 sites and China with 52 have more. From pre-historic rock art, historic cities and buildings to bridges, national parks, and landscapes there is an immensity of Heritage sites in Spain.
#15 However, the most incredible thing about traveling in Spain is the amount of unbelievable beautiful old towns/buildings you can find. Relatively small cities like, Leon, Burgos, Segovia, Cordoba, Zamora, Caceres, Ávila… and the list goes on almost endlessly…
#16 In all honesty, cathedrals like Leon’s or Burgos in many countries would be the biggest tourist attraction… In Spain, they are only… one more, and that says a lot!
#17 One of our favorite hikes is in Spain, close to Malaga, El Caminito del Rey. This was once an infamous dangerous trail, but now it’s an incredible hike through a magnificent gorge made with all the safety possible. It’s a great, easy, family hiking trail if you don’t have fear of heights, obviously 🙂
Side note: if you want a lesser-known hike in Andalusia, try Los Cahorros. Find here all the info you’ll need.
#18 Within Spain you can also find some great mountain destinations! In the north, you have the Asturias and Picos de Europa, in the South the imposing Sierra Nevada and obviously, the Pyrenees separating Spain from France. All of these are great Winter destination, but they are also lot’s of fun in Summer.
#19 Culturally, the Basque country is probably the most peculiar region in Spain, with a distinctly different language, costumes, and even food. It’s also one of our favorites, with San Sebastian being probably our favorite small (medium) town in Europe. It just brings together everything we want in a place.
#20 The Basque Coast is also an incredible place to have a road trip! It’s full of amazing beaches, incredible lookouts, cute villages, stunning cliffs, great hikes, unbelievable islets! Here we have to mention the marvelous San Juan de Gaztelugatxe!
#21 With all of this, you might think we forgot the main reason why so many people come to Spain… looking for sun and beaches! We didn’t, well it’s almost impossible. Spain has amazing beaches all around! From the famous Mediterranean coast, where you find the famous Costa del Sol, Costa Brava and so on, to the northern, wilder beaches of Cantabria and the Basque Country!
#22 And then, there are the islands! The Balearic islands, with Palma de Mallorca and Ibiza on the top! Here you have the full package of parties and beaches! If you want to go to the beach during the day and party at night, Ibiza is the place to go!
#23 The Canary Islands, on the other hand, are volcanic and offer a different landscape from the rest of Spain. Here you can climb to the top of volcano/mountain Teide, hike in volcanic craters and obviously enjoy some of its amazing beaches, particularly Playa de Maspalomas and its dunes in the Gran Canaria.
#24 Doing Hiking El Camino de Santiago, or the way of Saint James. It started as a Christian pilgrimage where Pilgrims walk from several places in Europe, during weeks or months to Santiago. Lately, there are more and more people doing the way for many reasons, some very different from the religious one! Though, for everyone, this is an unforgettable (even mystical) experience.
#25 Finally, we have Madrid, the capital of Spain! Madrid is very famous for its museums, particularly Museo del Prado with magnificent at pieces of Goya, Rubens and Velasquez, and Museo Reina Sofia dedicated to Spanish, where Guernica from Picasso is the main attractions. Madrid also has one hell of a nightlife, so make sure you enjoy it when visiting!
Do you prefer traveling as a group? Search for the perfect tour with tour Radar.
Eating and drinking in Spain
#26 Spanish cuisine is heavily influenced by its regional cuisines and the historical processes that shaped their culture and society. Although as diverse as their culture, Spanish food is usually simple, unpretentious, and use beautifully fresh seasonal ingredients. In other words, Spaniards make the most of the best local produce.
#27 Nevertheless, some of the world’s best gourmet restaurants are located in Spain with several (many actually) Michelin-stared restaurants in Spain. San Sebastian, in particular, is known for being a foodies paradise and having one of the highest number o Michelin stars per capita in the world.
#28 Perhaps the most famous Spanish food are tapas and their cousin pintxos. Here we explored the difference between them, and why they are so freakin’ good! In a hindsight, you like food… you have to go San Sebastian! 🙂
#29 In a country as big and diverse as Spain you are bound to have an incredible amount of traditional dishes. Some of the most known and easy to find are Paella (mostly in the Mediterranean, particularly Valencia), Jamon, gazpacho (mostly in Andalusia), pulpo à feira (mostly in Galicia), Patatas Bravas, tortilla de patatas (potato omelet) Churros, turrón…
#30 Among these, Paella is probably the most famous a usually considered the staples food in Spain (although it’s mostly a Valencian dish). Paella is a rice dish with many variations. The original is made with meat (chicken, duck, and rabbit) and veggies, but there are seafood and mixed paella versions. All of them use lots of saffron and olive oil.
#31 Jamon ibérico (Iberian “ham”) which is similar to the Portuguese “Presunto” and the Italian “prosciutto” is a cured piece of pork that is set to dry. It is salted and cut into very thin strips when served. It’s made of the back legs of the pork. You’ll see these served as a started or as tapas everywhere.
#32 Although it isn’t for everyone we really need the refer the Gazpacho. This cold soap is made of the reddest, ripest tomatoes blended with olive oil, garlic, bread, peppers, and cucumber until become smooth. Note: You should eat gazpacho in Andalusia, anywhere else it’s at your own risk 🙂
#33 As per sweet dishes the two things you can’t skip in Spain are Churros and Turrón. Churros are typical fried-dough pastry (usually slightly crispy) sprinkled with sugar. They are usually eaten as a dessert or breakfast pastry.
#34 On the other hand, a Turrón is made of honey, sugar, and egg white, with toasted almonds or other nuts, and usually shaped into either a rectangular tablet or a round cake. Spaniards love it, you’ll see them everywhere. And once you’ll taste them, you will thank me? for it because you’ll be constantly craving for them!
#35 Spain is one of the biggest producers in the worlds of olive oil, which makes it a great opportunity to try some great olive oil. It’s also a great producer of veggies and fruits,
therefore you won’t have problems eating fresh and healthy
#36 It is not customary to tip in Spain, especially for cheap meals. Usually, people just round up the check and it’s OK to go.
Money and Costs of traveling to Spain
#37 Spain is a founding member of the Eurozone and thus uses the Euro as currency, which makes a traveler’s life so much easier for us European! Even for foreign tourists traveling through several European countries is amazing!
#38 Spain is one of the least expensive countries in western Europe. A little more expensive than Portugal, but less than France, Germany and so on…
#39 Excluding flights, you can easily spend less than 50 Eur per person per day in Spain, particularly outside peak season. Note that this mainly depends on your way of traveling and this is a mainly a budget travel site, which means we are frugal. If you are a big spender you won’t be able to keep your budget under 50 EUR 🙂
#40 Accommodation is probably where you spend more money, particularly if you want to stay in the old times or close to the beaches. We have been able to reduce this cost by easily compare hotel prices!
#41 ATMs are widely available and credit cards accepted in many hotels and restaurants. However, be aware that you may get surprises, so always keep some cash with you! We always remember that is some major tourist attractions we had to pay cash (Alhambra we are looking at you!)
Transportation in Spain
#42 Spain has a great public transport network, with buses, trains and even airports spread all around the country. There are many low-cost airlines flying to these airports. It is fairly easy to travel around only using public transportation.
#43 However, outside the big towns can we suggest you travel by car! It’s much faster and you’ll be able to cover many more tourist destinations. If you have many things to do in Spain and little time, this is your option! It’s also cheaper if its a group of 4 or 5 people…
#44 On the downside, when you reach bigger towns it can be very difficult to park the car. Almost every Spanish town is a parking nightmare and can be very costly! Malaga, Granada, San Sebastian, Bilbao, Barcelona are all very problematic…
#45 In Spain we drive on the right side of the road (Wheel on the left) so be aware if you are not used to it. Also, when renting a car be aware if it’s manual or automatic. Like in most of the other European countries the majority of cars are manual. If you can’t drive a stick shift, ask for an automatic to your rental.
#46 Apart from this, driving in Spain is fairly easy. Some drivers are a bit more “nervous” and the traffic is slightly less organized than in northern Europe, but nothing that should worry you… The rules are fairly the same as in the other western countries. Americans (and a few others), please note that you can’t turn right on a red light… 🙂
Other useful info about traveling in Spain
#47 You’ll be able to find WIFI barely everywhere. From restaurants and coffee shops to hotels and hostels. We advise to still check it when booking a hotel but you won’t have problems finding places with free WIFI.
#48 However, you can always buy a prepaid data sim card. For example, Vodafone has a 2GB card that costs 15 Euros (4 weeks). It isn’t very cheap, but if you really need, it won’t break your budget. Note that if are originally from an EU country you don’t need to buy a sim card because with new laws you don’t pay roaming within EU.
#49 What documents do I need to enter Spain? Spain is an EU member and integrates the Schengen area, which means free movement of people within the Schengen area. If you are from a Schengen country just take your ID Card (or passport) and enjoy these great times :). If not click here for more info on this and on Schengen Visas and here find which passports need a visa to enter Spain.
#50 Do I need vaccinations to travel to Spain? You do not need any vaccinations against illness to travel to Spain. however, as in any part of the world, it is advisable to have your anti-tetanus vaccination up to date if you are going to be in contact with nature and the countryside, as well as any other official vaccination program.
Our Recommended Travel Guide Books For Spain
Lonely Planet Spain (Travel Guide)
Rick Steves Spain 2018
DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Spain
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